Internal Medicine

Neurotransmitters in Sleep


  • Serotonin (initiates sleep)
  • Acetylcholine (ACh)
  • Norepinephrine
  • Dopamine (causes arousal from sleep, i.e., wakefulness))

Structures forming borders of Heart in Xray

Left border of Heart is formed by:


  • Aortic arch
  • Main pulmonary artery
  • Left pulmonary artery, Left atrial appendage, Left ventricle



Right border of Heart is formed by:


  • SVC
  • IVC
  • Right Atrium



Pseudotumor cerebri: Causes



Read as 'Scanty'


Cherry red spot: Causes

"Quick Pick My Tea BAGS"

  • Quinine amblyopia
  • niemann Pick's disease
  • Multiple sulfatase deficiency, Metachromatic leucodystrophy
  • Tay sach's disease
  • Berlin's edema
  • CRAO
  • Gaucher's disease, Gangliosidosis
  • Sandhoff's disease, Sialidosis



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