Biochemistry

Metabolic acidosis: Causes

"U.S.E.D C.A.R"

  • Uremia
  • Salicylate poisoning, Saline hydration, 
  • Endocrinopathy*, Ethylene glycol poisoning
  • Diarrhea, DKA, Drugs
  • Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
  • Ammonium chloride
  • Renal tubular acidosis

* Hyperparathyroidism, Hyperthyroidism and Addison's

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Alkalosis: Metabolic changes

Think: "Al-K-loss & Al-Ca-loss"

Thus, in a state of alkalosis, there is

  • loss of K+ causing, Hypokalemia and
  • loss of Ca++ causing Hypocalcemia 

 

4.25

Anion gap metabolic acidosis: Causes

"A MUDPILE CAT"

  • Alcohol
  • Methanol
  • Uremia
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Paraldehyde
  • Iron/ Isoniazid
  • Lactic acidosis
  • Ethylene glycol
  • Carbamazepine
  • Aspirin
  • Toluene
3

Glycolysis: Metabolic pathway

' Goodness Gracious, Father Franklin Did Go By Picking Pumpkins (to) Prepare Pies '

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