Pharmacology

Aspirin: Adverse effects

"ASPIRIN"

  • Asthma 
  • Salicylism 
  • Peptic ulcer / Premature closure of PDA
  • Intestinal blood loss 
  • Reye's syndrome 
  • Idiosyncracy 
  • Noise (tinnitus)

 

5

Lithium: Adverse effects

"LITHIUM"

  • Lethargy / Leucocytosis
  • Intentional Tremor
  • Teratogenicity
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Insipidus [Diabetes insipidus]
  • Urine excess
  • Metallic taste

 

4.5

Adverse effects of Morphine

" MORPHINE "

  • Miosis
  • Oliguria
  • Respiratory depression
  • Pruritus
  • Hypotension
  • Infrequency (constipation)
  • Nausea
  • Emesis (Vomiting)

 

4

Xylocaine: Where not to use with Adrenaline?

"Digital PEN"

  • Digits (Fingers and toes)
  • Penis
  • Ear
  • Nose tip

Adrenaline causes vasoconstriction which helps to trap Xylocaine (anaesthetic) locally prolonging its duration of action. The two are not used together at sites supplied by end arteries as the vasoconstriction produced by adrenaline can cause ischemic necrosis of the tissues.

3
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